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Презентация, доклад на тему A Few Words about Scotland

Презентация на тему A Few Words about Scotland, из раздела: Английский язык. Эта презентация содержит 19 слайда(ов). Информативные слайды и изображения помогут Вам заинтересовать аудиторию. Скачать презентацию на данную тему можно внизу страницы, поделившись ссылкой с помощью социальных кнопок. Также можно добавить наш сайт презентаций в закладки! Презентации взяты из открытого доступа или загружены их авторами, администрация сайта не отвечает за достоверность информации в них. Все права принадлежат авторам презентаций.

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Слайд 1
A Few Words about ScotlandAuthor Akimov Ilia Moscow, School 1693Class 6.
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A Few Words about Scotland

Author Akimov Ilia
Moscow, School 1693
Class 6.


Слайд 2
Some geographical factsOfficially Scotland is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
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Some geographical facts

Officially Scotland is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The area is 78,772 square km (almost twice as large as Holland)
Population- 5.1 million, but declining, 66 people per square kilometer.


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Some more geographical informationScotland makes up for almost 35% of the surface of the
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Some more geographical information

Scotland makes up for almost 35% of the surface of the UK (78.722 sq. km.), but only 9.5% of the population lives there.


Слайд 5
The bordersScotland and it's offshore islands are the northern part of the British island.
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The borders


Scotland and it's offshore islands are the northern part of the British island. On the west and the north coast the Atlantic forms the border and in the east coast the Northsea. In the south the border with England goes over the Cheviott Hills, for 90 kilometers.



Слайд 6
Amazing factsThe west coast is, in a straight line, 416 km. long, but in
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Amazing facts

The west coast is, in a straight line, 416 km. long, but in reality (because of the many bays) 3200 km. Scotland counts 790 islands, of which 130 are inhabited.
Geografically Scotland consists of 2 parts: the mainland and the islands. On the mainland, one can discern 3 clear landmasses: the northen Highlands, the central Highlands and the Lowlands.


Слайд 7
MountainsThe highest top in this area (and of the whole of the UK) is
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Mountains

The highest top in this area (and of the whole of the UK) is Ben Nevis (1344 meters), near Fort William.



Слайд 8
Who really lives in Scotland?The population distinguishes itself from the English through it's own
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Who really lives in Scotland?

The population distinguishes itself from the English through it's own language and literature, jurisdiction, education and organisation of the church. The Scots have a strong historical consciousness.
Yet the distribution is very uneven: more than 1.5 of the 5 million inhabitants lives in one of the 4 big cities: Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Dundee.



Слайд 9
Original ScottsThe greater part of the population springs from the original Scottish population, which
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Original Scotts


The greater part of the population springs from the original Scottish population, which in fact is a jumble of Picts, Celts and Normans. Contrary to the rest of the UK, less people live in the cities and more in the countryside. With a population density of 66 people per square kilometer it is fairly quiet.


Слайд 10
LanguagesEnglish is the official language of Scotland, but one can clearly discern a Scottish
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Languages

English is the official language of Scotland, but one can clearly discern a Scottish kind of English, a dialect. In the Highlands there are still people who speak Gaelic. Gaelic springs from the various Celtic languages of the past and nowadays 3 forms have survived: Irish Gaelic, Manx Gaelic and Scottish Gaelic. These 3 languages are being spoken in Ireland, on the island Man and in Scotland.



Слайд 11
How to communicate in Scotland?The speakers of these languages are called Gaels (formerly Celts).
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How to communicate in Scotland?


The speakers of these languages are called Gaels (formerly Celts). About 60.000 people in Scotland still speak it, so not more than 1% of the total population!
A few centuries ago there were 3 more languages besides English: Pictic, Gaelic and Norwegian. In the present Scottish language many words pop up from these 3 languages.


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Слайд 13
ClimateScotland lies on the edge of the European continent and is surrounded by water
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Climate

Scotland lies on the edge of the European continent and is surrounded by water on 3 sides. It has a moderate seaclimate with soft winters and cool summers.
Average summer highs are about 19 degrees and winter temperatures rarely drop below 0 degrees. Generally, there is snow in the higher areas from December until March. For the most sunshine and a minimum of rain, one has to go there in May or June. July and August are hotter, but also more wet and there are countless midgets.



Слайд 14
The weatherFor the last few years the weather is very unpredictable and different than
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The weather

For the last few years the weather is very unpredictable and different than it used to be: too much rain and low temperatures. We never went for the weather, but seem to have been quite lucky: most days were dry and on almost every day we saw at least a bit of sunshine.
In Scotland, the weather can show every season in a single day! Even on the sunniest of days care needs to be taken on the hills and mountains. On a mountain, within only 5 minutes, a mist can envelope a walker and make navigation difficult. On the other hand, brooding clouds can ease to spectacular shafts of bright sunlight.



Слайд 15
Flora and FaunaThe Highlands are barren and unhospitable. The landscape consists of infertile plains
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Flora and Fauna


The Highlands are barren and unhospitable. The landscape consists of infertile plains without trees. The vegetation includes heather, fern, a variety of grasses, Juneper berry and similar small bushes.

Some 4.000 years ago, there were mainly pine trees (Scots pine), but deforestation, intensive grazing by sheep and changes in climate, have replaced the once extensive woods with a thick layer of peat. Reforesting has begun, but the new woods are quite one-sided and monotonous.


Слайд 16
The variety of animalsThere is a great variety of birds, near the coast more
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The variety of animals


There is a great variety of birds, near the coast more than in the inetrior. On the islands and on the steep cliffs of the mainland, many seabirds nest, like ospreys, auks, terns and gannets. In the mountain areas there are golden eagles and ravens, on the moors snow hen and pheasants and owls and sangbirds in the woods.
The largest mammal on land is the deer, which causes a lot of damage to new plantations and nests of rare birds. Big mammals, like the wolf, beaver, beer and elk are extinct already in the 18th century.
The sheep, the Scottish Highlanders, and also the Shetland pony's, which all walk about freely, are half wild.


Слайд 17
EconomyFor centuries, the economical development of Scotland lagged behind that of England, it's location
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Economy

For centuries, the economical development of Scotland lagged behind that of England, it's location being one reason. This results in emigration from many people from this area to make money somewhere else.
Edinburgh is the financial center of the country. There, also the Bank of Scotland is established (where they make their own Scottish bank notes). Also, there are many insurance companies and investment bussinesses. Tourism still is important to the economy of the country, although, for various reasons, it is less than it used to be.
Almost 80% of the Scottish soil is used for agricultural purposes. In the South and Middle Scotland there are vast farming areas, where cattle breeding is the main activity. Nevertheless, The mouth and foot disease disaster in 2001 hurt Scotland, economically, more in tourism than in the agrarian sector.


Слайд 18
IndustryThe fishing industry is important along all of the coast (haddock, codfish, herring, crustaceans).
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Industry

The fishing industry is important along all of the coast (haddock, codfish, herring, crustaceans). The breeding of salmon also appears. Most important places with a fishing industry are: Aberdeen, Peterhead, Fraserburgh, Kinlochbervie, Lerwick and Ullapool.
Among the minerals, which Scotland possesses, are coal and iron ore. But, like in other parts of the UK, mining industry is declining. The mining of oil and gas from the Northsea is also of importance to Scotland's economy. 
True Scottish export articles are whisky, woolen fabrics (tweed) and foods. Most important buyers are England and the countries of the Commonwealth
Scotland has a good road and railway network. There are four international airports: Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Prestwick, and several smaller airports, used for local traffic.


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The end
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The end